Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F.   (1999).  Themes and issues in the self-regulation of behavior.  In R. S. Wyer, Jr. (Ed.), Advances in social cognition (Vol. 12).  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.


This target article  overviews a model of human functioning based on the idea that behavior is goal-directed and regulated by feedback control processes.  It describes feedback processes and their application to behavior; considers goals and the idea that goals are organized hierarchically; examines affect as deriving from a different kind of feedback process; and analyzes how success expectancies influence whether people keep trying to attain goals or disengage. Later sections consider a series of emerging themes, including dynamic systems as a model for shifting among goals, catastrophe theory as a model for persistence.  The format of the chapter is a presentation of a portion of the conceptualization, followed by the raising of issues raised by that part of the theory.

This target chapter is followed by a series of critiques and commentaries by other authors, followed in turn by a reply from Carver and Scheier.

A more extensive treatment of many of these same themes is also available in a longer format in the following source:

Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F.  (1998).  On the self-regulation of behavior.  New York:  Cambridge University Press.
Carver Home

Carver Publications
University of Miami College of Arts and Sciences Department of Psychology